Pedro Arantesrose

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

It's a motivational theory in psychology comprising stages of human needs.
Zettelkasten, August 11, 2021 (changes)


  • It's a motivational theory in psychology comprising stages of human needs.

  • Abraham Maslow proposed this theory in 1943 in his paper "A Theory of Human Motivation."

  • From the bottom of the hierarchy upwards, the needs are:

    • Physiological: the biological component for human survival, as air, water, food, sex.
    • Safety: personal, emotional, and financial security.
    • Love and Social Belonging: interpersonal and feelings of belongingness, including family, friendship, and intimacy.
    • Esteem Needs: status, recognition, fame, competency, mastery, self-confidence, and freedom.
    • Cognitive: creativity, predictability, curiosity, and meaning.
    • Aesthetic: extracting the world's beauty.
    • Self-actualization: the realization of one's full potential. Partner acquisition and pursuing goals.
    • Transcendence: spiritual needs.


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